Psychiatric diseases are many and very numerous, including those that are still under the microscope and in the context of analytical and clinical research. But the 5 most known mental illnesses among scientists and specialists are the following mentioned:

    The 5 most known mental illnesses

    1- Schizophrenia

    It is known as a double personality. In the sense that the patient lives with two personalities, one declared and the other hidden, which appears only under certain circumstances of psychological stress, including severe fear or illness and a feeling of weakness. There are many methods of treating this condition, the most important of which, according to Freud, is trauma therapy or analytical treatment, that is, long talk with the patient until he is persuaded of his illness and thus accepts it. This is according to Freud, the first methods of treatment. As for John Piaget, he emphasized the role of the family and societal conditions in treating the patient

    2- Chronic depression

    It is one of the many mental illnesses, especially in the major capitalist countries like America, Canada, Switzerland, Britain and Germany. It is a very specific disease whose symptoms may seem hidden but we may recognize them through introverted behavior and the patient's intended and prolonged silence. Freud is the first to establish analytical psychology, which treats chronic depression by means of lengthy and frequent talking sessions with the patient.

     3- Personality disorder

    It is one of the most dangerous psychological diseases that exists in the industrial cities, which are considered very severe and life in them is subject to quantitative and not qualitative assessments. The harshness of life and the difficulty in obtaining food may lead the individual to severe psychological disorders, such as a tendency to violence, hatred of others, and hatred for the rich.

    This disease is considered the most prevalent disease since the late twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century because of the complexities of material life and the difficulty in ensuring food and shelter for millions of people throughout the world.

    4- Ownership or possession

    Many suffer from the instinct of love of possession, whose origins are traced back to childhood, and therefore the primary official in it are the fathers and mothers who cause the upbringing of their children by mistake due to idleness and lack of interest in them. A child grows up in difficult or deprived conditions of love and affection, and he becomes very recalcitrant and tends to steal others' things and consider them his property as psychological compensation for depriving them of their childhood. Jean Piaget had a keen interest in child psychology and was the first to establish this specialty in the universities of the world.

    5- Sickness disorder

    It is one of the most important diseases recognized today and the causes of the disease are due to several reasons, including the family and society that cause the patient to be isolated and enter into a chronic state of sadness that may lead him in a moment of severe weakness to suicide.Sigmund Freud emphasized the necessity of treating patients with mournful disorders with prolonged conversations in calm and frequent sessions.

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