Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher, politician, economist and mathematician, is one of the most eminent leaders of modern political thought who defended absolute power and called to its adoption as an appropriate governance system for human societies.

    Hobbes was born in 1588 AD in Malmsbury, England, his father was a simple priest who was characterized by a sharp nature directed by him, following the behavior of snappy which he carried out at the entrance of the church where he works, until he escapes to London when he died there.

    Thomas Hobbes .. his most important life and ideas

    Thomas Hobbes has one brother named Edmund Hobbs and a sister named Ann Hobbes and they are all his family as he did not marry, Hobbes entered the school and learned Latin and Greek in it and in 1605 he entered Oxford University which is the oldest university in England, as it was founded since the twelfth century AD, and established after He graduated from it in relation to some wealthy families who traveled with them to the European continent and got to know them almost as a whole.
    Thomas Hobbes suffered damage to the bladder, leading to a stroke that died on December 4, 167, at the age of ninety-one years in defense of the authoritarian monarchy and absolute rule in which he was associated with the historical reality of his country, and until his death he promoted ideas in this regard.
    The founder of the social contract theory and foundations of the concept of the natural right to interpret most of the theses of his era, and he has his own theory of morals that was the basis of most of the philosophers who came after him, attacked Aristotelian and scholastic thought at a time when those ideas were accepted by many, also contributed to some of the legal theses that characterized it His era.

    Hobbes has authored numerous works on politics, logic, mathematics, philosophy, and law including: “Elements of Power in English in 1650, Citizen De Cive in Latin in 1642, De Corpore in 1655, De Homine in 1658, Elementa philosophica, Descartes Philosophy in 1641, Book of Optics, Book in Mathematics and he says that he found a solution to square the circle.
    The Book of the Dragon or the Beast leviathan in English in 1651. Perhaps this book is the most important book of Hobbes,which includes a summary of his ideas in moral philosophy “constitutes a great philosophical work”, in a large part of which analyzes a person, his nature, his soul, and his methods of knowledge and science, and in the second section he devotes it to the Republic or In other words, for the state, and the third and fourth sections for religious issues, this book is considered by many to be his greatest masterpiece. Hobbes' political works have been closely linked to the historical reality that England has known for the duration of his life.Hobbes was distinguished by his physical thinking that he sees that the natural world is an automatic system governed by the movement and he applies this summary to society and the state. Society from his point of view is nothing more than an automatic system based on movement, while the state is a robot based on the movement represented by the movement of man towards man through language The resulting action and reaction are in fact two primitive types of sensation whose names are: desire and aversion, and the first was seen as a pursuit of what is appropriate for vital processes, while the second considered it a reversal of what results in a counter-effect, and from these two primitive types of sensation, Hobbes extracted All agitation The most complex motives and identified the topic of desire for good, while the topic of aversion is considered evil.
    Thomas Hobbes wrote his famous book “The Philistines” in a turbulent period of English history where the kingdom was experiencing a civil war between the two monarchs led by King Charles I on the one hand and parliamentarians on the other hand in the period (1642-161). This war came as a result of a state of chaos that England had experienced for more than 100 years as a result of Protestant-Catholic conflicts, as a mixture of Protestant kings and queens and Catholics rose during that period, which meant major political fluctuations and persecution against the Church and its followers opposite the king or queen.

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