democracy and here types

democracy and here types


    Do you know what democracy is and what are its types throughout history? .. 

          Democracy is a Greek word, consisting of two syllables: Demos in the sense of the people and Kratos in the sense of power or rule, and thus the meaning of the word becomes the rule of the people or the authority of the people, and that is the classic definition of democracy as the rule of abundance as a contrast to the rule of the individual or the few. However, this derivative meaning of that word was not fully applied throughout human history, so that the Greek City-State, which crossed the best expression of that meaning, was not fully represented so that all people did not rule in the city state, but rather the citizen class of the free Slaves, women and foreigners are forbidden from ruling. In emphasizing that meaning, Rousseau says:
    If we take the term democracy in its strictest sense, we find that true democracy has never existed and will never exist. It is incompatible with the natural system to imagine that a large number governs and that a small number is governed, and we cannot imagine that the people will always be meeting to consider public affairs, and we can easily see that it is not possible to establish committees for this without changing the form of management
    Modern democracy has emerged and applied in Western European countries; therefore it is known as traditional or western democracy, and this traditional democracy has several characteristics, the most important of which are:
    1- It is a political doctrine.
    2- It is individual.
    3- It establishes the principle of equality before the law.
    4- It aims to protect the rights and freedoms of individuals
    Traditional democracy is a political doctrine, because it seeks only to achieve the people's exercise of power, and does not go beyond that to try to achieve economic or social goals to raise the standard of living, or achieve a certain amount of guarantees for the working classes. Therefore, it is a purely political doctrine and not an economic or social doctrine.
    t is an individual, based on the liberal doctrine that sanctifies the individual, and seeks to protect his rights and freedoms, and achieve his happiness. It also works on the contribution of individuals to governance as citizens, without regard to any other consideration related to their position or their belonging to a particular social class.
    It achieves the principle of equality before the law, so that it aims to involve all citizens in the affairs of governance on an equal basis, without discrimination based on origin, sex, religion, language, or affiliation to a particular social center.

    It aims to protect the rights and freedoms of individuals (especially political) as it puts an end to the state’s interference in the individuals ’exercise of these rights and freedoms, so that the state organizes them without compromising their content. This democracy determines certain constitutional and legal guarantees to protect these rights and to defend those freedoms against any arbitrariness or violation by the rulers.

    Democracy is divided into three forms:

    1- Direct Democracy

    2- Representative Democracy

    3- Semi-Direct Democracy

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